Murchison Falls National Park is located in the northern side of Albertine Rift Valley. The park is found where the enormous Bunyoro escarpment merge into the massive grasslands of Acholi land. It’s well acknowledged to be one of Uganda’s antique conservation areas. In 1926, it was recognized as a game reserve established to protect the savannah grassland that was communicated by Winston Church chill in 1907 as the abundant Kew Gardens together with the wildlife combined on a regulated land.
Murchison falls national park shelters an area of around 3,893 km2 and its acknowledged to be one of Uganda’s fine protected area. This area is an addition to Murchison falls thus casing an area of roughly 5,072km2 together with Bugungu and Karuma wildlife reserves.
Murchison falls National Park was popularly known as Kabalega falls due to the fact that the waterfalls originate from the source of the Nile. The waterfalls truly disrupts the splendid Victoria Nile, that flows towards northern region of Uganda from the massive Lake Victoria to the deep Lake Kyoga and ongoing to the northern slope of Lake Albert in the interior of the western arm of the great East African Rift. While at the top of the Murchison Falls, the waters of the Nile force their passage via a little gash on the rock which is just 7 meters or 23 feet wide, and falls to 43 meters or 141 feet beneath with a booming thunder creating a residual water vagrant that forms a gorgeous rainbow; the outlooks is very magnificent, and the water keeps on moving towards the west into Lake albert.
The National park is recognized for getting protruding intercontinental tourists. Winston Churchill is a great man who is credited for partaking activities such as hiking to the top of the falls, boat cruise at the delta(bottom of the falls), together with traveling the Nile corridor of the falls. Earlier on, he was followed by his precursor who is alleged for having disbursed a big portion of money US$1.8m on his hunting safari in Uganda.
Around 1951, a show was shot with contextual background of the Murchison falls that was done by Humphrey Bogart in John Huston’s projecting movie. Additional movie was the African Queen which was shot on the locality of the Murchison Nile besides with Lake Albert. Other vigorous tourists take account of the Prince of Wales, Edward VII in 1930, Queen Mother in 1959 and the British royals
In 1954, Ernest Hemingway also came to the National park. The purpose of his coming was to enjoy the exploration waterfalls although his target wasn’t achieved the way he expected Hemingway and the wife survived got a problem while they were on their way to the park, and they were taken to Butiaba hospital for medical treatment which there made his plan unsuccessful.
The Albert Nile corridor is on the small grasslands of nearly 612 m at delta point. The temperatures have a tendency of being hot with a maximum of 29Oc and the pretentious months are December, mid-February, June and July. The rainy season is starts from April to November.
HOW TO GET THERE:
Murchison falls national park located in north east part of Uganda can be easily accessed on road or by flight. The road to the park is well maintained tarmacked road and takes roughly 5 to 6 hour and 305 kilometers drive to reach the national park. In case one may want to sleep at Paraa, it takes around 85 kilometers from Masindi town to reach Paraa lodge.
One can also reach Paraa via Chobe gate, Karuma falls together with Tangi .Chobe gate is very near to Pakwachi district that shelters an area of around 25 kilometers to reach Paraa .there is also Wankar gate that is next to Purongo, the same route can make you reach Paraa.
There are two options of taking along route or a short one, the route through Budongo forest provides with a chance to meet some few primates as you’re going through this forest and also overseeing the magnificent scenery of Lake Albert.
Tourists with private or public means will absolutely go through the Nile at Paraa. It has a fixed time from 07.00 and 19.00.In addition road, Murchison can be accessed by air. There is a landing site at Pakuba for the charter flights and this takes approximately 19 kilometers and the distance from Bugungu to Paraa is about 13 kilometers long.
Attractions in Murchison falls.
Murchison Falls is categorized by endless war amongst the water and the rock. The waters aggressively bandage through a contracted gap, spurting misty dewdrops together with their wake over a 50m range. This forms a lasting rainbow over the theater of war and causes a unceasing thunder. From Baker Idea on the southern sideways, you can also sight the Nile breaking into the reduced Uhuru Falls, produced in 1962 when the river burst its banks.
A launch cruise along the Nile to the bottom of Murchison Falls is a worthwhile experience for nature mistresses, as the northern bank abounds with a diversity of mammals, birds and reptiles. Guided nature walks along the long Nile on the northern and southern banks are another stimulating activity, together with sport fishing can also be done here. Rafting will be available starting in 2012.
Nile-Lake Albert Delta
This extensive, tranquil spring of water, where the peaceful Victoria Nile streams into Lake Albert, is a strategic area for bird viewers. Its papyrus-lined rows are teeming with bird life, counting Goliath Herons, Great Egrets, and African Fish Eagles. The most desirable bird species here is the erratic Shoebill.
Buligi Game Tracks
The Buligi game trails, extending between the Victoria and Albert Niles, are the Murchison Falls National Park’s most prevalent safari endpoint. The area is roughly 120-170km in size; they pass through woodland ,acacia , riverine vegetation and open Savannah grassland. Most of the park’s game can be viewed here, particularly during early morning and early evening tours.
Paraa, meaning homespun of the hippo in the indigenous Luo language, is the park’s tourism center. All the park’s access roads join here as the northern and southern banks are connected by a passenger ferry, and several accommodations are found close. Furthermore, a museum and gift shop can be found on the north bank, and most game drives launch trips and nature walks inaugurate here.
The Karuma Falls are situated in Chobe, in the northeastern area of the park. These thriving waterfalls on the Victoria Nile are comprised of sequences of natural rock developments which cause the waters to wave and form a white, lathered look. It is an perfect area for sport fishing.
Kaniyo Pabidi Forest
This is found in the south of Murchison Falls Conservation Area, this forest ecology comprises white colobus, olive baboons, blue monkeys and a habituated chimp cluster which can be tracked. The place has got a number of wildlife such as lions, leopards Elephants, buffaloes and very many others. Numerous forest birds can be watched here, together with the white-thighed hornbill, Puvel’s illadopsis and chocolate-backed kingfisher, which is originate only in East Africa.
Kaniyo Pabidi has a encampment, of attractive cottage accommodation, forest walks and excellent bird watching.
This is enclosed by grassland and casing only 4km2, the Forest is a destination for a bird watchers .Rabongo forest is a birders’ paradise due to the availability of the rare bird species found here. Rabongo is perfect for informative tours as it offers chances to recognize animals, birds, medicinal plants and trees. For lessening, visitors can site and enjoy picnics by the Wairingo River.
Budongo Forest, which is touching with the Kaniyo Pabidi Forest, is found in south west of the Murchison Falls Conservation Area. Budongo is amazingly bio miscellaneous, with 24 mammal species, over 360 birds, 289 butterflies and 465 plants. Most of the forest’s tree species are on demonstrated along the “Royal Mile” attractive expanse of road extremely considered for its bird watching. Budongo is also known for its primate inhabitants, which are over 800 chimpanzees. Forest walks are can also be done at Busingiro Ecotourism Place on the Masindi-Bugungu road to Murchison Falls National Park.
ACTIVITIES IN MURCHISON FALLS NATIONAL PARK.
The boat trip upstream from Paraa grants an amazing presentation of wildlife and culminates with the striking posterior sight of the Falls. The boat sets off at 9am and 2pm every day and it consumes about three hours.
The boat cruise recommended for bird watching should be the morning cruise downstream to the Nile-Lake Albert Delta, offering the best opportunity of spotting the mysterious Shoebill. This four- to five-hour return expedition also takes in a diversity of other wildlife, such as hippos, elephants and many birds.
A restful sundowner boat cruise at 5.30pm gives the standard outlook of an equatorial sunset mirrored on the river.
A game drive around the Buligi game tracks carried out in the northern bank with a skilled ranger guide is a fanciful way to observe and photograph the extensive variety of animals in the Nile Valley. Tourists will wonder at masses of buffalos, heaps of elephants, warthogs and soaring giraffes, together with reedbuck, bushbucks, oribi duikers, kobs, and rare hartebeest. Your guide will have a good knowledge where the lions are hiding, and you may even spot a leopard at sunset.
Birding in Murchison Falls
Both the boat cruises and the game drives gives a chance for one to see different birdlife, including prairie forest birds, water birds and Albertine Rift endemics. The popular bird species are found in the Savannah among which includes Secretary Birds, Open-billed Storks Abyssinian, Ground Hornbill, Black-bellied Bustards, the Marabou Stork, and Widow Bird.
Nearer to the river where there are more brushes and forests, the shared bird diversities of bird include the Red-throated Bee-eaters and Swallow-tailed predominantly in the Nyamusika Cliffs; Malachite Kingfishers ,Woodland, Pied, Giant and; Francolin; Flycatchers; Cuckoos; Woodpeckers Horn-bills, Grey heron,Hamerkop, Shrikes,Warblers and Crombecs and the shorelines are also home to ducks, geese, stilts and plovers.
The park’s main birding magnetism is the Shoebill, best sighted in the dry season from January-March.
Hiking and Nature Walks in Murchison Falls
The massive landscapes and diverse setting of Murchison Falls National Park and the neighboring Conservation Area can be sightseen on foot. Trails move through Kaniyo Pabidi and Rabongo Forests giving findings of many primates and birds, while nearby the Nile-Lake Albert Delta, 2 to 4 hour guided swamp walks provides possible detections of the Shoebill when the water level is truncated. After an afternoon boating upriver, you can also climb 45 minutes through forest to the top of Murchison Falls for a entirely dissimilar experience of this splendid waterfall.
This is a practice that brings all the minds into drama: lookout rollers of white water flip hypnotically via this 6 meters gorge, attend to the thunder, taste the shower on your face and feel the rock tremble below your feet. If you don’t elaborate the trek to the top, stop off at the north array during your game drive, and move down a set of steps to position within meters of the waterfalls.
Birders and nature lovers can have fun while walking these short treks opening from Sambiya River Lodge or Mubako Junction, both on the south bank, or a walk along the north bank from Paraa, fleeting the Emmy River. All walks take 1 ½ or 2 hours.
Sport Fishing in Murchison Falls
The shores of the Nile beneath Murchison Falls give an exhilarating task to anglers. Living within strong streams and extremely oxygenated water is the Nile branch. There is the an opportunity to land a enormous catch the biggest is 108 kilograms.
Fishing is allowed in selected s places and previous booking is recommended. Interested sport anglers are advised to carry their own equipment and get a permit from UWA.
Murchison fall national pack has got variety of accommodation that are categorized as budget accommodation, mid-range and luxury. Below is a list of lodges that are available in the park.
Paraa and central Murchison.
Geo-lodges Nile Safari Lodge
Paraa Safari Lodge
Rest Chilli Rest Camp
Sambiya River Lodge
GeoLodgesShoebill Camp Site
Yebo Safari Camp
Eastern and northern Murchison.
Chobe Safari Lodge
Murchison Safari Lodge – OPENING SOON
Pakuba safari lodge
Kaniyo Pabidi forest.
Boomu Women´s Group Bandas
Budongo Eco lodge
New court view.